Alert! Learn About Breast Cancer
Breast or breast cancer is a real threat to women. And we still have a lot to learn from him so we can detect it in time and control it, before it changes our lives. What is it, how is it formed and what types of breast cancer are there? Keep reading to find out the details of this cancer so you can be alert.
Do you want to know how real the threat of breast cancer is for women? Also known as breast cancer, it is currently the cancer that affects women the world over. In the United States alone, 1 out of 8 women will develop it over the course of a lifetime. Learning to know your breasts and being alert to any warning signs is the most important step because if breast cancer is detected early, treatment is usually more effective.
Before we understand how breast cancer is formed, we must understand how our breasts are on the inside. These are composed of lobes, ducts, fatty connective tissue, veins and lymphatic vessels. To feed our babies when we are mothers, the lobes are composed of small mammary glands (which produce milk), which are connected to ducts that carry the milk to the nipple.
Like any other cancer, breast cancer arises when some cells are altered and begin to reproduce abnormally and uncontrolled. When cancerous cells start to multiply within the breasts, small bumps or tumors are initially formed that can be seen in some studies (such as mammography) or feel through the skin by touch when they are larger. However, bumps on the breasts are not always cancerous. There are benign tumors or cysts and there are malignant or cancerous tumors. What is the difference? While most breast cysts do not endanger your life, malignant tumors can be a threat to your health and can spread to other tissues or organs in your body. When you discover some strange growth or protrusion in one of your breasts, more studies are needed. Sometimes, you can only know what type of tumor is through a biopsy (taking a bit of tissue).
If in fact the tumor in your breast is malignant, it is possible that over time the cancer cells begin to spread to other parts of the body, either the tissues surrounding the breasts or other organs of the body. This is called metastasis.
The risk of this happening depends on the type of cancer you have and where it has started to form. For example, when we talk about types, a cancer can be in situ, ie it does not invade other organs (it is in that place only), or it can be invasive. And when we talk about where it arises, in most cases the cancer develops inside the milk ducts (ductal carcinoma) or in the lobes (lobular carcinoma). Although in some cases, the cancer can also develop in other internal breast tissues or simply be an inflammatory carcinoma, which does not form any tumor but are cancerous cells that block the lymphatic vessels of the skin. Inflammatory carcinoma is not very common and is called this because it causes the breast to look red and inflamed.
When cancer is invasive, and especially when it arises in the lymphatic vessels, the chances of cancer cells spreading are high as they can reach the lymph glands easily, or the cells of a breast cancer can enter the bloodstream The blood) and metastasize to other parts of the body such as bones, liver, lungs and / or the brain.
Fortunately medical research and advances have made it possible to find ways to successfully treat breast cancer and to control its growth. But it has been proven that the earlier it is detected, especially before it is spread, the better results you can get with the treatment.
Get alert! Visit your gynecologist and get your breast self-examination regularly. And if you are over 40, get a mammogram as directed by your doctor according to your risk factors.